8/19/14: I will occasionally update with a new Civ page. There are 10 to go, but the guide is otherwise completed.
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Austria & Polynesia Civ Guides Published. Population and City Growth


Civ 5: Civilizations and Leaders

Unique Ability, Unit and Building List for Choosing a Civ to Play

This list of all 43 Civilizations and Leaders available in Civ 5, Gods and Kings, Brave New World and Steam DLC/Scenario Packs shows the bonuses you get when playing each Civ - from their Leader's Unique Ability (UA), to the Unique Units' Stats (UU), Unique Buildings (UB), and Terrain Improvements available to them. What is special about this list is that it shows the difference between each UU/UB and the original Building or Unit it replaces. This should help you come up with ideas for how you might like to play a certain Civilization. The ultimate goal of this list is to help you choose which Civilization to play by giving you a rundown of the bonuses you'll get when playing as that Leader. It is intended to be better than the in-game menu for choosing a Civ. Many players return to this list to pick who they'll play in their next game. You can press Control + D to bookmark the list.

DLC and Civilization Selection: Brave New World and Civ 5 Complete Edition
Not all Civs in this list will appear in your selection menu if you have Vanilla or only one or two of the Expansion Packs. There are several DLC available on Steam for Civilization 5 that add Scenarios and new Civilizations to the game. In the list below, these are labeled DLC (Steam). Civilizations that come from Gods and Kings are labeled G&K, and those from Brave New World, BNW. Players who own the Brave New World Expansion Pack get all features of Gods and Kings except for the Civilizations - so if you want to buy one of the DLC, this is the one to get. It also makes Civ 5 one of the best Turn-Based Strategy games ever made. Civilization 5 Complete Edition is also available, so players can get the Gods and Kings and Brave New World Expansions along with all of the Steam-only DLC/Scenario Packs in one package.

Civilizations in Civ 5 - List of Leaders, Unique Abilities, Units and Buildings
Leader
Civilization
& Leader
Unique Ability
Unique Unit
vs Replaced Unit
Unique Building or UU
Compared to Original
DLC?
The Moroccan Civilization in Civ 5Morocco
Ahmad al-Mansur
Gateway to Africa - +3 Gold and +1 Culture for each trade route with a different Civ/CS. Other Civs get +2 gold for each route sent to MoroccoBerber Cavalry (Cavalry) - +25% Combat Bonus in your territory, +50% Combat Strength fighting in DesertKasbah (Tile Improvement) - Food, Gold, Production +1 and +50% Defense for units stationed there. May only be built on Desert tiles, after Chivalry.BNW
The Greek Civilization in Civ 5Greece
Alexander
Hellenic League - City-State Influence degrades at half and recovers at twice the normal rate, also eliminates Trespassing penalties.Companion Cavalry (Horseman) - Combat is more likely to produce Great Generals, +1 moves (5), +2 Strength (14).Hoplite (Spearman) - +2 Combat Strength (13)Vanilla
The Assyrian Civilization in Civ 5Assyria
Ashurbanipal
Treasures of Nineveh - Gain a free Tech discovered by the owner of the city when Conquering it through War. (Trade doesn't count, and only once per city).Siege Tower (Catapult) - Strength +5 (12), No set-up, Cover I Promotion (ranged defense), +1 sight, +200% bonus vs Cities itself and Units within 2 hexes get +50% attack bonus on Cities.Royal Library (Library) - Great Work of Writing slot that, when filled, will give +10XP to newly trained units in addition to benefits provided by Barracks, etc.BNW
The Songhai Civilization in Civ 5Songhai
Askia
River Warlord - Triple gold from pillaging Barb encampments and Cities. Land units gain War Canoe and Amphibious promotions - attack better from water with better sight and Combat Strength while embarked.Mandekalu Cavalry (Knight) - 10 less Cost in Production, -33% Penalty to Attacking Cities RemovedMud Pyramid Mosque (Temple) - Culture +2 in addition to usual +2 Faith. 0 Gold Maintenance.Vanilla
The Huns Civilization in Civ 5The Huns
Attila
Scourge of God - Double Raze speed. Uses City Names from other Civs. Starts with Animal Husbandry and earns +1 Production per PastureHorse Archer (Chariot Archer) - +1 Melee Strength (7), Rough Terrain Penalty Removed. Starts with Accuracy I upgrade - +15% against units in Open TerrainBattering Ram (Spearman) - City Attack Only so no Bonus vs Mounted. -1 Strength over normal, yet gets a +300% Bonus vs Cities. -33% Defense against attackers, so keep it safe.G&K
The Roman Civilization in Civ 5Rome
Augustus Caesar
The Glory of Rome - +25% Production in other Cities toward any Building that exists in the Capital.Ballista (Catapult) - +2 Ranged Strength (10), +1 Melee Defense (8). Simply a stronger Catapult that still has to set up.Legion (Swordsman) - +3 Combat Strength (17). Capable of building Roads and Forts, the only Non-Worker that can do this. Use them to connect new Cities and help your workers in times of peace.Vanilla
The German Civilization in Civ 5Germany
Bismarck
Furor Teutonicus - Defeating a Barbarian in an Encampment gives you a 67% chance they join your side. Land unit maintenance costs 25% less.Panzer (Tank) - Has +1 move and +10 combat strength compared to a regular Tank. It is merely a faster, more powerful version that Germany will be able to mass-produce easily thanks to their unique building.Hanse (Bank) - All the regular benefits of a Bank, but with a great perk - +5% production per Trade Route with a unique City-State in every City with a Hanse.Vanilla
The Celtic Civilization in Civ 5The Celts
Boudicca
Druidic Lore - +1 Faith per city with adjacent unimproved Forest tiles. Increases to +2 when 3 or more Forest are present.Pictish Warrior (Spearman) - Removed bonus to Mounted, but gain +20% Combat Bonus when outside Friendly territory. Also, no Movement Cost to Pillage Tile Improvements and earns 50% of a slain enemy's strength as Faith.Ceilidh Hall (Opera House) - Gives +3 Happiness, vs 0 on a regular Opera HouseG&K
The Polish Civilization in Civ 5Poland
Casimir III
Solidarity - Free Social Policy each time you advance an EraWinged Hussar (Lancer) - Heavy Charge forces defenders to retreat if it deals more damage than the Lancer. When they can't flee, they take more damage. Comes with Shock I (+15% Combat in Open Terrain).Ducal Stable (Stable) - Gives +15XP to mounted units in addition to the usual production bonus. Pastures provide +1 Gold in addition to the usual +1 Production, also requires no Gold maintenance.BNW
The Russian Civilization in Civ 5Russia
Catherine
Siberian Riches - Strategic Resources give +1 Production. Horse, Iron, and Uranium give double quantity for larger armies or more trading.Cossack (Cavalry) - +33% Combat Bonus when fighting damaged enemies, so have your ranged tap them first!Krepost (Barracks) - Usual +15XP of Barracks but reduces Culture and Gold Costs of acquiring new tiles by 25%, expanding your lands.Vanilla
The Persian Civilization in Civ 5Persia
Darius I
Achaemenid Legacy - Golden Ages last 50% longer. Units get +1 Movement and +10% Combat Strength during Golden Ages.Immortal (Spearman) - +1 Combat Strength (12), Heals at Double Rate - 20 outside friendly territory to 50 in a City.Satrap's Court (Bank) - Gives +2 Happiness unlike a Bank (0), along with an additional +1 Gold, bringing it to +3Vanilla
The Carthage Civilization in Civ 5Carthage
Dido
Phoenician Heritage - Coastal Cities get a free Harbor. Units may cross mountain after the first Great General is born, but will take 50 damage if ending a turn on a Mountain.African Forest Elephant (Horseman) - Doesn't require Horses, but costs 100 instead of 75 like a Horseman. Enemies nearby take a -10% Combat penalty. Loses 1 Move (3) but gains 2 Strength (14). Comes with Great Generals II Upgrade, making them spawn more quickly from using this unit in combat.Quinquereme (Trireme) - +3 Combat Strength over usual Trireme, bringing it to 13.G&K
The English Civilization in Civ 5England
Elizabeth
Sun Never Sets - +2 Naval unit Movement and +1 Extra Spy when introduced in the RenaissanceLongbowman (Crossbowman) - Range +1, which is a huge advantageShip of the Line (Frigate) - +7 Ranged Strength (35), +5 Defense (30), +1 Sight - a big bonus with the native Movement of English Ships.Vanilla
The Venetian Civilization in Civ 5Venice
Enrico Dandolo
Serenissima - No Building of Settlers nor Annexing of Cities - you can only fully control one City, but get double the Trade Routes your tech level would normally provide. Your only method of taking control over other cities is to Puppet them with the Merchant of Venice UU. Venice gets the ability to purchase in Puppeted Cities.Merchant of Venice - May buy City-States for Gold. Has Trade Missions like a regular Great Merchant, but they are 100% more effective. These are spawned instead of Great Merchants, and you'll get a free one when you research Optics.Great Galleass (Galleass) - Costs 10 more than a regular Galleass at 110 Production, but has +3 Ranged Strength (20 total) and +2 Defense (18 total).BNW
The Indonesian Civilization in Civ 5Indonesia
Gajah Mada
Spice Islanders - First 3 Cities founded on continents other than where Indonesia started each provide 2 unique Luxury Resources and can never be Razed.Kris Swordsman (Swordsman) - Gets a random upgrade after Combat. Most of these are incredible bonuses, like fully healing after a non-barbarian kill or 1 extra attack+move per turn. Unfortunately, some Units may get cursed blades that reduce their effectiveness in Combat but in general, the Mystic Blades rock and you'll want to be careful not to lose Units with certain upgrades.Candi (Garden) - The usual great person generation of a Garden, but with +2 Faith for each World Religion with at least 1 follower in the City.BNW
The Indian Civilization in Civ 5India
Gandhi
Population Growth - Unhappiness from number of Citizens halved, while unhappiness from number of Cities doubled.War Elephant (Chariot Archer) - Loses 1 move (down to 3) but also ditches the Rough Terrain Penalty that costs a Chariot's moves should it move into rocky terrain. Its Ranged Strength is +1 (11 total) with a hefty boost to melee defense, up to 9 from the Chariot's 6.Mughal Fort (Castle) - Gives +2 Culture where a Castle gives none. After Flight is researched, it'll give +2 Tourism as well. The cost is about 8% cheaper, from 160 to 150 Production.Vanilla
The Mongolian Civilization in Civ 5Mongolia
Genghis Khan
Mongol Terror - +30% Combat Strength when fighting City-State units or City-States themselves. All mounted units get +1 movement.Keshik (Knight) - Like a Knight, but with +1 moves (5) and ranged, being unable to Melee but able to fire from 2 tiles away. Combat with these will generate Great Generals faster, while the unit simultaneously gets a 50% boost to XP earned from combat. The Knight's penalty to attacking Cities is gone, while they retain the ability to move after attacking - a very potent City raiding unit of the early-mid game.Khan (Great General) - Gets the usual Great General uses, but also comes with Enhanced Medic, healing adjacent units by 15 hp per turn. They can also move 5 hexes as opposed to the usual 2. Note the unit beneath the Khan will not be healed, so it's best to position them with units around to maximize the effect. Khans along with other mounted can retreat, wait a few turns outside combat range, and return fully healed.DLC (Steam)
The Swedish Civilization in Civ 5Sweden
Gustavus Adolphus
Nobel Prize - Gain 90 Influence gifting Great People to City-States. Declarations of Friendship give Sweden and the friendly Civ a +10% GPP boost toward Great People.Hakkapeliitta (Lancer) - Great Generals give +30% combat bonus if in the same tile. This is easy to accomplish, as a GG stacked with the Hakkapeliitta will inherit the same moves (4).Carolean (Rifleman) - Starts with March, which will heal it every turn, even if it performs an action. Keep a Medic nearby for maximum effect, so that it can get larger heals every turn, helping it last longer in combat and when attacking Cities.G&K
The Ethiopian Civilization in Civ 5Ethiopia
Haile Selassie
Spirit of Adwa - +20% Combat Bonus to all Units when fighting a Civ with more Cities than Ethiopia.Mehal Sefari (Rifleman) - Costs 200 vs 225 for a Rifleman. Starts with Drill I, giving a bonus in Rough Terrain and good opportunity for upgrades straight out of a Military Academy. Gets a +30% Combat Bonus while fighting from inside the Capital, which diminishes in power as it gets a few hexes away.Stele (Monument) - Gives +2 Faith in addition to the regular +2 Culture of a Monument.G&K
The Denmark Civilization in Civ 5Denmark
Harald Bluetooth
Viking Fury - Embarked units gain 1 movement and pay only 1 movement to move from sea to land. Melee units do not lose movement to Pillage, providing them ample healing near enemy Cities.Berserker (Longswordsman) - Gets +1 Movement (3 total) and begins with the Amphibious promotion, eliminating combat penalties for attacking from sea or across a river.Norweigan Ski Infantry (Rifleman) - 25% combat bonus in unforested Hills, Snow, and Tundra tiles. Also moves double through those tiles.DLC (Steam)
The Arabian Civilization in Civ 5Arabia
Harun al-Rashid
Ships of the Desert - Caravans gain +50% extended range. Land/sea trade routes spread the home city's religion at double effectiveness. Get double Oil Strategic Resources.Camel Archer (Knight) - Ranged unit replacing the Knight. Gets -3 defensive strength (17) but has a ranged combat strength of 21. Removes the penalty for attacking Cities while retaining the ability to move after attacking.Bazaar (Market) - Gives 1 extra copy of each Luxury Resource near the city. Oil and Oasis provide +2 Gold. Bazaars give +1 base gold as well.Vanilla
The Iroquois Civilization in Civ 5Iroquois
Hiawatha
The Great Warpath - Units and Caravans move through forest/jungle in your territory as if they were roads and these tiles can be used to establish City Connections (build roads in between).Mohawk Warrior (Swordsman) - Gains +33% Combat Bonus in Forest/Jungle (even if on hill) and doesn't require Iron unlike the Swordsman it replaces.Longhouse (Workshop) - Gives the flat +2 Production of a Workshop, but changes the +10% Production bonus to instead give +1 production to each worked Forest Tile. It's great with Lumber Mills, but you have to leave the Forests until that Tech is researched. Gives much more Production when you have plenty of Forest around your Cities.Vanilla
The Spanish Civilization in Civ 5Spain
Isabella
Seven Cities of Gold - Gold Bonus from discovering Natural Wonders. All tile yields from Natural Wonders doubled if you can get one within workable range.Tercio (Musketman) - +50% Bonus vs Mounted Units. Has +2 higher Combat Strength than Musketmen, at 26 vs 24 but costs 10 more Production (160).Conquistador (Knight) - City attack penalty removed. Double defense when Embarked, +2 sight range and can settle Cities on other Continents.G&K
The Polynesian Civilization in Civ 5Polynesia
Kamehameha
Wayfinding - Units can Embark over Oceans immediately. +1 sight when Embarked. +10% Combat Strength if within 2 tiles of a Moai.Maori Warrior (Warrior) - Haka War Dance Upgrade makes all enemies in adjacent tiles suffer -10% Combat Strength penalty.Moai (Tile Improvement) - Build on land along coast. Gives +1 culture, up to +3 if adjacent to other Moai. When Flight is researched, Moai receive +1 gold each.DLC (Steam)
The Portuguese Civilization in Civ 5Portugal
Maria I
Mare Clausum - Resource diversity grants double gold for Portugal in each trade route, which can amount to a lot of extra Gold.Nau (Caravel) - Can use Exotic Cargo ability to generate gold and XP, more the further it is from the Capital. You may only use this ability once per unit.Feitoria (Tile Improvement) - Build along a City-State's coast in a spot without a resource. This will give you a copy of each Luxury resource the CS has connected, but can't be traded. Units defending in the Feitoria will get a +50% defensive bonus as though using a Fort.BNW
The Austrian Civilization in Civ 5Austria
Maria Theresa
Diplomatic Marriage - Allows you to spend gold to Annex or Puppet a City-State that has been an ally for 5 turns. This will cost you about 1500 gold or less.Hussar (Cavalry) - +1 Movement, Flank Attack bonuses increased +50% and gets +1 Extra Sight.Coffee House (Windmill) - Loses the flat terrain requirement and the +10% production toward buildings, but gets 5% flat production and provides +25% Great People generation in the cityG&K
The Aztec Civilization in Civ 5Aztec
Montezuma
(Sacrificial Captives) - Gains culture for the empire for each enemy unit killedJaguar (Warrior) - A great UU. Heals 25 damage when it kills a unit, gets a +33% combat bonus in forest/jungle giving it freedom to choose the open terrain upgrades for versatility, and moves through forest and jungle at double the usual rate.Floating Gardens (Water Mill) - Allows construction in cities near lakes in addition to rivers. Provides a whopping +15% growth to the city, reduces gold maintenance from 2 to 1. A great UB all-around that you will want to try to slip in early for maximum effect.Vanilla
The French Civilization in Civ 5France
Napoleon
City of Light - Museum and World Wonder theming bonuses are doubled in their CapitalMusketeer (Musketman) - +28 instead of +24 Combat Strength. Perhaps the most straightforward UU bonus out there.Chateau (Tile Improvement) - May be built adjacent to luxury improvement, but not another Chateau. Acts as a fort, but must be built in French Territory. Starts with +1 Gold/+2 Culture to the tile when worked, rises to +3 Culture/+3 Gold with Flight.Vanilla
The Babylonian Civilization in Civ 5Babylon
Nebuchadnezzar II
Ingenuity - Free Great Scientist at the invention of Writing. Even better, earn Great Scientists 50% faster.Bowman (Archer) - Bowmen have better stats over the Archer they replace. 9 Ranged Strength vs 7 and 7 Defensive Strength vs 5 - nearly the defense of a Warrior. They're great for clearing Barbarians and even waging early war thanks to their cheap cost.Walls of Babylon (Walls) - Gives a City +6 Defense (Combat Strength) as opposed to 5, 100 HP instead of 50.DLC (Steam)
The Japanese Civilization in Civ 5Japan
Oda Nobunaga
Bushido - Units fight at full strength, even when damaged, a very powerful Military bonus.Samurai (Longswordsman) - Starts with Shock I (open terrain bonus) and the Great Generals II upgrade meaning using them will raise the GG spawn rate. They are also able to build Fishing Boats when embarked, which can help when settling new Cities or developing around newly conquered Cities.Zero (Fighter) - Gets a +33% bonus vs other Fighters and does not require Oil.Vanilla
The Maya Civilization in Civ 5The Maya
Pacal
The Long Count - After researching Theology, get a free Great Person of your choice every 394 years. You may choose only one of each type throughout the ages.Atlatlist (Archer) - Costs 10% less than a regular Archer at 36 Production and does not require Archery, meaning you can start the game with Archers.Pyramid (Shrine) - Gives +2 Faith as opposed to 1 and a nifty +2 Science!G&K
The Inca Civilization in Civ 5The Inca
Pachacuti
Great Andean Road - Units ignore terrain costs when moving into any tile with Hills. There are no maintenance costs for improvements in hills, meaning roads, and half cost elsewhere.Slinger (Archer) - Has 4 Defensive Strength as opposed to 5, but may Withdraw Before Melee if there is room to escape and the enemy is not fast (horseback)Terrace Farm (Terrain Improvement) - Build farms on hills without fresh water. All other Civs can do this so long as the Hill is next to a River or Lake. What's unique about this is that it also gives +1 Food for each adjacent Mountain tile.DLC (Steam)
The Brazilian Civilization in Civ 5Brazil
Pedro II
Carnival - Double Tourism output during Golden Ages. Earns Great Artists, Musicians, and Writers 50% faster during Golden Ages.Pracinha (Infantry) - Kills grant points toward Golden Ages, allowing Brazil to boom Tourism late-game if they choose to go to WarBrazilwood Camp - Can be built on Jungle tiles only. Gives +2 Gold, +2 Culture. Brazil can use these Jungle tiles for Science as well, with Universities. All other Civs must either chop them down or go for Science/Trading Post. This is much, much better.BNW
The Shoshone Civilization in Civ 5Shoshone
Pocatello
Great Expanse - Founded Cities start with additional territory. Units receive a combat bonus when fighting within friendly territory.Pathfinder (Scout) - Native Tongue lets you choose among benefits when discovering Ancient Ruins, also has 8 strength making it as strong as a Warrior - however they also cost nearly double at 45 vs 25. Still, worth it.Comanche Riders (Cavalry) - Costs 200 vs 225 for Cavalry. They gain +1 Movement, also. Just a little cheaper, just a little faster .BNW
The Egyptian Civilization in Civ 5Egypt
Ramesses II
Monument Builders - +20% Production towards Wonder ConstructionWar Chariot (Chariot Archer) - Gets 5 moves instead of 4 and doesn't require Horses to be built, leaving you free to trade them away or save them for Horsemen later.Burial Tomb (Temple) - Gives +2 Happiness in addition to the +2 Faith, while eliminating the Gold maintenance of a Temple. Additionally, any enemy that conquers a City with a Burial Tomb will get double pillage Gold.Vanilla
The Siamese Civilization in Civ 5Siam
Ramkhamhaeng
Father Governs Children - 50% more Food, Culture, and Faith from Friendly or Allied City-StatesNaresuan's Elephant (Knight) - +50% bonus vs Mounted units, killing its own kind. They lose 1 move, falling to 3, but get 25 strength, up from 20 - a 25% increase.Wat (University) - Gives +3 Culture in addition to the usual University Building benefits.Vanilla
The Korean Civilization in Civ 5Korea
Sejong
Scholars of the Jade Hall - Each Specialist produces +2 Science, as do all Great Person Tile Improvements. Each time a scientific building/Wonder is built in the Capital, Korea gets a Research boost similar to a Research Agreement's completion.Turtle Ship (Caravel) - Gets 36 strength, up from 20 but with some drawbacks. They can't enter deep ocean, meant to be coastal defenders. They also lose 1 sight and cannot withdrawal from melee like a Caravel.Hwach'a (Trebuchet) - Gets 26 ranged strength as opposed to 14 and gains 1 sight, but loses the 200% bonus against Cities. This makes it a Unit killer, though not entirely useless against Cities compared to a Trebuchet, it's about 33% weaker (roughly).DLC (Steam)
The Zulu Civilization in Civ 5The Zulu
Shaka
Iklwa - Melee units cost 50% less maintenance and all units require 25% less experience to earn promotions.Impi (Pikeman) - Gets a spear throw attack before engaging in melee combat, which weakens the enemy before the real combat begins. This often results in them dealing much more damage than stated, although the spear throw will diminish in power as opposing units gain Combat Strength - it seems to be about half the unit's usual damage.Ikanda (Barracks) - Gives the usual experience of a Barracks, but also a unique Promotion line for pre-Renaissance Melee units. All units coming from an Ikanda start with Buffalo Horns, which give +1 Movement, +25% flank attack bonus and +10% ranged attack defense. You can then immediately choose to upgrade these when promoted, giving further flank attack bonuses and more Combat Strength.BNW
The Ottoman Civilization in Civ 5The Ottomans
Suleiman
Barbary Corsairs - All melee naval ships have the Prize Ships promotion, allowing them to capture defeated ships. Naval unit maintenance only 1/3 the usual cost.Janissary (Musketman) - +25% Combat Bonus when attacking, gets 50 healing if it kills a non-barbarian Unit.Sipahi (Lancer) - Gets +1 Sight, +1 Movement and no movement cost to Pillage.Vanilla
The Byzantium Civilization in Civ 5Byzantium
Theodora
Patriarchate of Constantinople - Choose one more Belief than normal when you found a Religion.Cataphract (Horseman) - Penalty to attacking Cities reduced from 33% to 25% and these units can get terrain bonuses unlike Horsemen. They lose 1 movement but gain +3 strength, putting them at 15 vs the Horseman's 12.Dromon (Trireme) - Costs 56 instead of 45, but is a ranged attacker that may not melee. Their 10 melee defense is reduced to 8, and gain 10 Ranged strength with a range of 2.G&K
The American Civilization in Civ 5America
Washington
Manifest Destiny - All land military units have +1 sight. 50% discount when purchasing tiles.Minuteman (Musketman) - This is a better Unique Unit than first meets the eye thanks to its mobility and that any kills made with Minutemen will grant points toward Golden Ages. Gets Drill I, giving them a bonus in rough terrain and starting them out with great promotion opportunities. They also ignore terrain cost - literally nothing can slow them down except Mountains.B17 (Bomber) - Gets +70 Ranged Strength instead of 65, but more importantly starts with the Evasion promotion, which gives it 50% less damage from air interceptors. They also start with Siege I, giving them a 33% bonus vs Cities and enabling some great promotions for newly produced units.Vanilla
The Dutch Civilization in Civ 5The Netherlands
William
Dutch East India Company - Keep 50% of the Happiness benefits (+2 out of 4) from a Luxury Resource if your last copy is traded away.Sea Beggar (Privateer) - Comes with Coastal Raider II, giving it another +20% strength vs Cities. Their Supply upgrade allows them to heal outside friendly territory unlike other Ships (+15/turn). Additionally, defeated enemy ships may join your side after combat.Polder (Tile Improvement) - Gives +3 Food on Flood Plains or Marsh, something not possible with Farms until Civil Service. This nifty improvement also picks up +2 Gold and +1 Production for the tile when Economics is Researched.G&K
The Chinese Civilization in Civ 5China
Wu Zetian
Art of War - Great Generals give +30% instead of +15% Combat Bonuses and their spawn rate is 50% faster.Chu-Ko-Nu (Crossbowman) - Loses 4 Ranged Strength, down to 14 from 18, but that hardly matters for their ability to attack twice in a single turn so long as they have not consumed a move. The Chu-Ko-Nu is easily one of the best Unique Units in the game and its double attack upgrade is kept when you later promote the unit.Paper Maker (Library) - This is a pretty great Unique Building. Gives +2 Gold in addition to the usual benefits of a Library, as opposed to costing 1 per turn in Maintenance.Vanilla


See also the Civ 5 Unique Units Strategy Guide - Unit Bonuses and Promotions Kept on Upgrade


Comments (6)

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Redmond Jennings says...
The Hunnic Battering Ram also starts with Cover I.
29th June 2014 4:08pm
Joe says...
Some Civs could use a bit of attention. I know this won't happen, but consider the following changes to these civs:

ROME
The Glory of Rome - +25% Production in other Cities toward any Building that exists in the Capital. Pay 50% less maintenance on roads and railroads.

GERMANY
Blitzkrieg - Defeating a Barbarian in an Encampment gives you a 67% chance they join your side. For the first 12 turns after declaring war on a civilization, all land military units gain +2 movement. Starting in the industrial era, gain +5 production, food and science in the capital.

RUSSIA
Krepost (Barracks) - Usual +15XP of Barracks but reduces Culture and Gold Costs of acquiring new tiles by 25%, expanding your lands. As long as a unit is garrisoned in a city with a Krepost, the building also generates +2 culture.

CARTHAGE
Phoenician Heritage - Coastal Cities get a free Harbor, +2 production and +1 happiness. Units may cross mountain after the first Great General is born, but will take 50 damage if ending a turn on a Mountain.

(Also CARTHAGE)
Quinquereme (Trireme)- +2 (was 3) Combat Strength over usual Trireme, bringing it to 12. +1 vision range.

DENMARK
Viking Fury - Embarked units gain 1 movement and pay only 1 movement to move from sea to land. Melee units do not lose movement to Pillage, providing them ample healing near enemy Cities. Conquering a city through war grants a permanent +2 Global Happiness to the empire, rising to +4 Happiness if the conquered city is razed. Trade deals don’t count and only once per city.

SPAIN
Seven Cities of Gold - Gold Bonus from discovering Natural Wonders. All tile yields from Natural Wonders doubled if you can get one within workable range. Start the game with one free scout.

BYZANTIUM
Patriarchate of Constantinople - Choose one more Belief than normal when you found a Religion. Start with Pottery technology researched. +2 Faith for every non-occupied city connected to the capital.

AMERICA
Manifest Destiny - All land military units have +1 sight. 50% discount when purchasing tiles. Start with Liberty tree unlocked. If you are the only civilization remaining on your starting continent (not including city states), gain +3 local happiness for every non-occupied city on the continent.
Admin:
Germany's bonus is pretty great at this point, as well as Rome's. Neither of those Civs are on the bottom.

That is a REALLY good suggestion for Denmark, as well as the Byzantines - both of those Civs need something to help them in upper levels, badly. In particular, I think you chose fairly balanced bonuses for them and unique ones as well! However, on lower difficulties things even out a bit such that it's easier to found a Religion with the Byzantines and potentially use Sacred Sites to win a really early cultural victory. However, when thinking of Immortal+ I don't even want to try those Civs, but will have to cover them when vacation is over :P

Carthage and America are both near bottom-tier Civs along  with the Byzantines and Denmark, so your suggestions would also greatly improve play for them. Just that I don't like the idea of shoehorning America into wide play with Liberty. They can do well to go tall and transition to that later in the game when their UU becomes available - but this would help for sure.

Here is a link to the Civfanatics Deity Tier list, which pretty much ranks Civs according to their bonuses/UUs/UBs and how those synergize with play: http://forums.civfanatics.com/showthread.php?t=505057
12th July 2014 2:04pm
AlbinoPenguin says...
I might be wrong but I think the Celts only get +2 faith with 3 unimproved forest tiles.
Admin:
You're right - fixed and thanks.
31st July 2014 1:44am
Samuel K says...
I think those extra bonuses sound great but Rome, Germany and Russia are already very strong and played a lot. I think the others would be a great idea for someone to make a mod so we can play with them :)
27th July 2014 8:57pm
Sanfos says...
I think this would be better if it was alphabetized by nation not ruler. nobody remembers the specific character names, at least not all of them.
Admin:
I did it the same way the game does it. I mirrored the list in-game, as it's not going to be any easier to find them there. It was just simpler for me to do the list in the same order I got it... control + F can help you find a civ quickly, and would be better even if it were alphabetized.
26th August 2014 2:35pm
Bryan says...
The table at the bottom of each page is alphabetized by civilization. It might not be a bad idea to just append that table to the bottom of this page, as well, when you have time to come back to this guide.
5th September 2014 2:54pm
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This site and all original strategy guides created by and © Carl Ratcliff. This is an unofficial Civilization V fansite and I am in no way affiliated with Firaxis Games, Developer of Civ 5 Brave New World and Gods and Kings.